People who flee their nations out of fear of persecution are eligible to ask for asylum under United States law. If awarded asylum, they will be given protection and the right to remain in the country. Asylees are people who have been granted refuge.
The government of the United States may grant asylum to people who are at risk of harm in their native countries because of who they are, especially if the government of their homeland denies protection.
Any country that accepts refugees must understand the impact of refugees on its economy. Basic services and essentials for those who are starting over in a new nation such as accommodations, career guidance, language training, and healthcare have initial costs. Although after making these initial costs, the host nation gains much more economically from these refugees.
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People could be in danger because of discrimination due to their religion, political opinions, sexual orientation, or ethnicity. People who seek asylum because of these reasons are more likely to be granted protection.
They can be represented by lawyers for asylum who are familiar with the system. This is because the procedure for requesting asylum in the United States is complex.
What are the benefits of welcoming refugees from any nation?
- Refugees boost the economies of their host nations. They do this by integrating into various communities.
- They contribute to their local communities. This is done by fostering cultural diversity among the populace. They also foster a respect for and knowledge of social diversity.
- Refugees continue to assist the economy years after they have settled, frequently boosting economic activity and raising wages.
- By claiming high rates of entrepreneurship and job creation, they help support the labor market where they settle.
The initial costs of asylum outweigh the benefits
Over the course of the first several months, the price of resettling a refugee might reach thousands of dollars. On the other hand, a thorough 2017 United States government analysis reveals contributions from refugees. The contributions of refugees outweigh the initial expenses. For instance, the federal government spent over $206 billion on refugees between 2005 and 2014. But at the same time, refugees paid more than $269 billion in taxes to national, state, and municipal governments. A net positive economic tax contribution of $63 billion can be calculated from this.
According to research, refugees had higher rates of entrepreneurship than other Americans. In 2015, there were more than 180,000 refugee business owners living in the United States. Accordingly, 13% of refugees were business owners in 2015 compared to 11.5% of other immigrants and 9% of people who were born in the United States. Additionally, $4.6 billion in revenue was produced by refugee-owned firms in that year. From a labor perspective, refugees occupy positions in important areas. These areas include the service and agriculture sectors.
Many people risked their health while working through the pandemic, particularly in meatpacking plants, to ensure that Americans had food on the table. Furthermore, refugees frequently make contributions to other key industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, retail, transportation, and education.
How do refugees boost the economy of the United States?
Over $63 billion in net positive tax contributions was made by refugees over a 10-year period. And the benefits aren’t just felt in the United States. The median income and gross domestic product (GDP) of other nations around the world have also increased. Many refugees possess technological expertise and an entrepreneurial zeal. These qualities are advantageous to the country from which they are seeking asylum.
- They bring distinctive trade expertise and skill sets.
Every nation has a characteristic that distinguishes its citizens. The special capabilities that refugees bring with them will enhance the skill sets of workforces in the culinary arts, trades, and technology. These capabilities can be shared and used to strengthen the national economy.
- They support the labor market.
It’s a prevalent misconception that immigrants tend to rob the local workforce of jobs. Actually, a State Department report reveals that refugees actually fill labor market gaps in the United States. Manufacturing, healthcare, retail, tourism, transportation, and education are just a few of the major industries they frequently work in. This is crucial as nations struggle with labor shortages. In the United States, there were 11.3 million job opportunities as of January 2022.
- They boost the nation’s economy.
One of the reasons that nations grant refugees asylum is to boost economic activity. These refugees fill open positions. They help close the generational disparities in nations with aging labor pools. They also develop small to medium-sized businesses, pay taxes, and boost the economy.
- Refugees enrich the local culture.
According to research from the International Institute in St. Louis, the presence of refugees enables locals to recognize the shared values and beliefs among various cultures. It also allows for the appreciation of cultural diversity.
- They boost regional productivity.
By energizing the labor market, they also launch new businesses in the years following their integration. According to experts, if at least 1000 businesses are owned by refugees, these companies could produce up to $100 million annually, thereby helping their host nations.
There will be initial costs associated with granting refugees asylum. But over time, refugees often help the economy of their host nation. These advantages give policymakers strong incentives to welcome refugees not just for humanitarian reasons but also for enormous long-term economic advantages.
An asylum-seeker is more likely to receive this form of protection if he or she is represented by a competent attorney familiar with the laws on asylum because the procedure for requesting asylum in the United States is intricate.